Central, Southern Asian Countries Top Global Crypto Adoption Indexby Johanan Devanesan October 9, 2023
In a world undergoing rapid economic and digital transformation, the face of currency is changing at a revolutionary pace, yielding a proliferation in global crypto adoption. The Chainalysis Global Crypto Adoption Index, now in its fourth annual iteration, amalgamates both on-chain and real-world data to identify the countries experiencing unprecedented growth in grassroots cryptocurrency acceptance.
India, embattled by recent global socio-economic turbulence, has ascended as a pioneer, manifesting the most significant growth in grassroots crypto adoption among everyday consumers. Yet, grassroots adoption is not synonymous with high raw transaction volumes; — the wealthiest and largest nations prevail in this domain.
Instead, the crux of measuring grassroots crypto adoption is to spotlight countries where the average individual is exceptionally engaging with crypto, injecting a substantial share of their wealth into it.
Deciphering Adoption: The Methodology
Chainalysis meticulously ranks 154 countries, based on adequate data the American blockchain analysis firm has amassed, factoring in variables such as population size and purchasing power. Each country’s transaction volumes for different cryptocurrency services and protocols are extrapolated from the web traffic patterns of these respective services and protocols.
The total cryptocurrency activity in each nation is assessed via centralised crypto exchanges, mirroring the wealth of the average inhabitant. The emphasis is also on the value of retail-sized transactions, primarily those under US$10,000 worth of cryptocurrency.
P2P Transactions and DeFi
The index delves deeper into peer-to-peer (P2P) exchange trade volume data, weighing it to favour countries with lower purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita and fewer internet users, portraying the regions where residents are allocating a larger share of their wealth to P2P cryptocurrency transactions.
Decentralised finance (DeFi), the innovative frontier of cryptocurrency, holds profound significance for the sector’s evolution. The index aims to underscore nations where a higher share of financial activity is conducted using DeFi protocols, examining each country by DeFi transaction volume in retail-sized transfers, thereby elucidating the DeFi activities of individual, non-professional cryptocurrency users in comparison to centralised services.
Divergence in Global Crypto Adoption Trends
The 2023 Global Crypto Adoption Index reveals a significant insight: the Central & Southern Asia and Oceania (CSAO) region significantly dominates the top rankings, hosting more than half the top ten countries in this domain. Each CSAO country exhibits unique circumstances, fostering varying adoption rates, usage trends, and popular services, which will be extensively explored in Chainalysis’ comprehensive report.
In contrast, the global panorama of grassroots crypto adoption exhibits a decline, with a pronounced slowing in adoption growth over the past three years. Even though a recovery has been observed since the second half of late 2022, grassroots adoption is yet to reach its potential peak.
The Ascendance of Lower Middle-Income Countries
However, a pivotal revelation is the resurgence of grassroots adoption in lower middle-income (LMI) countries, classified by the World Bank based on their gross national income (GNI) per capita. LMI countries, ranging from Central and Southern Asia to Africa, have witnessed a notable recuperation in grassroots crypto adoption within the last year, surpassing their status in Q3 2020, prior to the recent bull market.
LMI countries, harbouring 40% of the global populace and dynamic industries, are perched on the precipice of significant economic development.
The Future of Crypto: A Bright Horizon?
This resurgence in LMI countries, coupled with the continued traction of institutional adoption driven predominantly by high-income nations, sketches a promising future for crypto. It is in these dynamically evolving economies where the future of crypto appears to be deeply interwoven, indicating that cryptocurrencies will likely play a pivotal role in the burgeoning economic landscapes of these rising nations.
The exploration of crypto in these territories is not merely a reflection of economic growth but is indicative of the transformative capabilities of digital assets in reshaping financial ecosystems. The variances in adoption trends and the pivotal role of DeFi protocols accentuate the multifaceted nature of cryptocurrency adoption, enriching the discourse on its potential impacts and future trajectories.
In conclusion, the discourse surrounding global crypto adoption is a multifaceted tapestry, woven with threads of innovation, economic development, and individual financial empowerment. The trajectories of nations like India and the overarching dominance of the CSAO region and LMI countries highlight the transformative potential of cryptocurrencies.
The confluence of grassroots and institutional adoption illustrates the burgeoning relationship between traditional economic structures and the evolving crypto landscape, projecting a future where digital assets will be integral to economic growth and individual financial autonomy.